Look at the graphic on page 45 of the Neuroplastic Transformation workbook. The homunculus is a representation of how the brain perceives the body based on the sensory information it receives. The brain sends out responses as a result of these stimuli. There are actually four input homunculi and one output homunculus. Even the simplest and most ordinary responses require extraordinarily complex coordination of events in the brain. The brain varies its response based upon the type and intensity of the sensation experienced. Under normal circumstances, moderation and balance are the rule. When the input is that of unrelenting pain, balanced brain responses yield to more extreme output. Over time this increasingly stresses the defensive and buffering systems of the body and leads to breakdown of normal function. At the same time, the brain’s accuracy in perceiving pain fails and the perception of pain expands to non-injured areas of the body. Restoring balance is essential. Paying attention to painful input and looking for other sensations being hidden by the pain is one way of accomplishing this. As the input to the brain is more accurately experienced, restoration of balance in the body leads to reduced physical stress, improved function and improved quality of life. Refer to page 45 in the Neuroplastic Transformation Workbook for a more detailed description of this process.